Eye Hospitals in Mizoram
Mizoram is one of the 7 north-eastern states of India having an area of 21087 square km. Mizoram means the land of Mizos (Mizo is the native tribal group inhabitants of the state). Its capital is Aizawl. Total population of the state is 10,91,014 (2011-census). Its official languages are Mizo and English. Earlier, Mizoram was a part of Assam. In 1972, it became a union territory and on 20th Feb. 1987 it became the 23rd state of the country. 95% of Mizoram’s population consists of various tribal groups who came mostly from South-East Asia to settle here.
Until late 19thcentury no scientific healthcare facilities were available in Mizoram. After the British and Christian Missionaries made concrete efforts, only then were the scientific and advance healthcare facilities made available to the people of Mizoram. Mizos treated their illness by using indigenous herbs and forest plants. However, the British and Christian Missionaries played an important role in their lives by changing their views regarding health, control and prevention of diseases.
At present, apart from the Government-run healthcare institutions, there are many private hospitals/clinics and Church organisations offering special and modern healthcare services in the state.
The healthcare facilities in the state are being provided by the Directorate of Health Services and the Directorate of Hospital and Medical Education. There are several other institutions to provide health services such as Primary Health centres (PHC), Community Health Centres (CHC) and Sub-centres. The Health Department has launched many health schemes for the benefit of its citizens including the following:-
- Damlo Harsa Tanpuina (For life threatening diseases)
- Mipa/Hmeichhe Insiam (Sterlization)
- NatnaKhirhZual (Grant-in-aid)
- Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram
- Nau Nei Tanpuina (For institutional delivery)
A government sponsored program, National Blindness Control Program (NBCP) was launched for controlling blindness in the year 1976. It organises eye surgical camps for Cataract surgery. The Blindness Control Society has been established for comprehensive ye care services as per the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI. NBCP also organises School Eye Screening Programs and distributes free spectacles to needy school children. Like NBCP, there is District Blindness Control Society (DBCS) and 1717 eye hospitals. There are several NGOs that provide eye care facilities in the state. In rural areas of the state, free eye care facilities are being provided through many Mobile Eye Clinics run by the government. Around 10000 eye patients were given free treatment though these Mobile Eye Clinics during Oct. 2003 to Sep 2004.