Eye Hospitals in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh, India’s eastern most state is one of the most beautiful states of the country. Its capital is Itanagar and there are 20 districts in the state. Area wise it is on the 15th position with an area of 83743 square kilometres. It has a population of 1382611 which means that the population density of the state is 17 per square kilometre. Its official language is English. The literacy rate of the state is 66.95 %. Arunachal Pradesh means the ‘Land of the Dawn-lit Mountains’ and it is also known as the ‘Paradise of the Botanists’ or the ‘Orchid State of India’ because the Foxtail Orchid is the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh.
The state government of Arunachal Pradesh is constantly taking care of health related issues of its people. Many comprehensive health facilities are being provided to the tribal people and people living in backward areas. The following national health programmes have been started in this direction:
- National Leprosy Elimination Programme
- Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme
- National Mental Health Programme
- National Tuberculosis Control Programme
- National Tobacco Control Programme
- National Cancer Control Programme
- National AIDS Control Programme
- Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme
- National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness
- National Programme for Control of Blindness
The state government’s immunization programme NFHS – 3 ensures prevention of diseases and its RCH – 11 programme aims at reducing infant mortality rate. There are many district hospitals providing good healthcare facilities to their people like the District Hospital in Tawang, Bomdila, Seppa, Hapoli, Koloriang, Aalo, Pasighat, Daporijo, Anini, Yingkiong, Tezu, Roing, Changlang, Khonsa and District Surveillance Unit Hayuliang, etc.
The National Programme for Control of Blindness has been launched to provide eye care services to the people. There are fourteen ophthalmologists for six districts and thirty six PMOAs for fourteen districts who look after the eye care needs of the people. Many districts’ eye hospitals are equipped with O.T. for eye surgery and eye disease diagnosis. 42,219 patients were examined and 1511 patients were operated in 2014-15. And in 2015-16, 38209 patients were examined and 1122 were operated in the state government eye hospitals.
Under VISION 2020 India district level and state level action plans have been launched to provide eye care services in Arunachal Pradesh. Lower Subansiri and Changlang districts have been identified for situational analysis in coordination with the state programme for control of blindness.
There is still much scope for improving eye care facilities in the state. The state faces shortage of ophthalmologists resulting in non-utilization of infrastructure and human resource. There is also a need to educate the medical officers at CHC and PHC through specialized training about the latest techniques in the eye care field.